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Author Guidelines

Instruction for Authors

Scientific Transactions in Environment and Technovation publishes papers submitted by scientists from all over the world willing to share information with other members of the scientific community. Since the publication is, therefore, based upon mutual trust between publisher and authors, professional integrity in the conduct and report in gof research is an absolute requirement of publication in the journal. Consequently authors are expected to strictly adhere to publication ethics. There is on page charge for published papers in this journal.All papers published become copyright of the Bala vidya Ganapathy Educational and Charitable Trust, Sundarakkottai, Mannargudi, India -614016.

The journal publishes original papers from any area of science and arts, which is related to environment and / or advancement in technology.Research Articles in all fields of physical, chemical and life sciences, engineering and technology, arts and humanities that are relevant to environment and /ortechnologicalinnovationsareconsideredforpublication.Thejournalfocusesresearchconcepts,theories,models,andmethods in the above areas. Articlesofinterdisciplinarynaturearepreferred.Sciencethe scope is large, contributions should beofgeneric,pervasive,broadinterestandhighquality.Althoughweexpecteacharticledoclearlyindicateitsrelevancetoenvironmentand/or advancement in technology articles onbasicscienceandthataredescriptiveinnature,whichare having high application potentials arealsoencouraged.

Generalinformation: Authorsshouldcarefullygothroughthisinstruction for contributors carefully beforepreparing manuscripts forsubmission.Furthermore, they should refer papers in the recent issue (also published in internet www.bvgt-journal.com) for formatting the manuscript. Manuscripts, which do not comply with the rejected. Authors should see that the English is checked and polished before submission to avoid delay in publication.

  • Use active voice whenever feasible ,and write in first person.

  • Use British spelling and grammar conventions throughout, except in non-British quotations and references

  • Research theses/report are usually not written in a style suitable for publication in scientific Transactions. Chapters in Environment and Technovation. Chapters from theses / report will therefore normally need to be condensed, re formatted and revised substantially before being submitted as manuscripts.

Prior to submission, inexperienced authors are especially advised to give a manuscript to friends and colleagues for comment and for English correction and/ or use English language correction services.

File formats:Authors should submit their manuscripts in triplicate (computer printouts) and an electronic copy in CD). Submit the whole manuscript including text, tables, figures (graphs and pictures) as a single file using Microsoft programme either as word (.doc) or Rich Text(.RTF) format. In the final stage the figures and pictures should be supplied as TIFF, GIF, JPEG, The graphs should be submitted as Excel graphs with respective data in the Excel file.

1. Copyright: Papers are accepted on the understanding that they are subject to editorial revision and that they are contributed only to this journal. Copyright in the article, including the right to reproduce the article in all forms and media, shall be assigned exclusively to the journal. The transfer of copyright to the journal takes effect when the manuscript is accepted for publication.

The publisher will send the author a copyright transfer agreement and offprint order form by email shortly before the proofs are ready. The author must complete these forms and return them to the publisher via mail or fax. Authors will be given an electronic version of their article, which may be posted in the personal and/or institutional web pages after it has been published in the journal.

2. ProofsThe author will receive a proof of their article by email and should be returned immediately aftercarrying out the corrections

3. Disclaimer: The publisher is not liable for any injury and/or damage to persons or property as a matter of products liability, negligence or otherwise, or from any use or operation of any methods, products, instructions or ideas contained in the papers of the journal.

4. Cover Letter:A cover letter by the corresponding author must accompany the manuscript and should provide the following information.

  • An undertaking that this material has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere and all co - authors know that this manuscript has been submitted for publication in Scientific transactions in Environment and Technovation.

  • An explanation of overlap with other articles (published or in press in journals, books or conference proceedings, or in preparation) should be included in the cover letter accompanying this manuscript.

  • Furthermore authors are advised to suggest names of at least four potential referees (complete postal address and email address) for their papers; however, the Editor reserve the right to choose referees other than, or in addition to, those suggested.

5. Animal Welfare:In cases of use of animals in research, an undertaking should be given by the author(s) that the ethical consideration for the usage of animals in research are scrupulously followed and proper permissions have been obtained for the use of animals in research from the concerned authorities.

6. Formatting of Text:

  • Type the manuscript with double line spacing and aligned left, including the abstract, figure legends and tables.

  • Use 'Times New Roman’ font and font size of 12 or larger

  • Print pages on one side only for editing purposes.

  • Manuscript should have continuous line numbers, page numbers and wide margins (at least 2 cm in all sides) throughout (including the abstract, references, tables and figures).

  • Separate each new paragraph and heading with a line space and do not indent any paragraph.

  • Use consistent punctuation; insert only a single space between words and after punctuation.

  • Type text without end - of - line hyphenation, except for compound words.

  • Use initial capitals only for paper names (e.g. names of people, places, etc.).

  • Use capital letters for vernacular name such as ‘Short - eared Owl’, Red - winged Grey Warbler’, and if it is a group then use small letters such as but ‘owls’, ‘warblers’.

  • Do not use lower - case ‘I’ (el) for ‘1’ (one) or ‘O’ (oh) for ‘0’ (zero); they have different typesetting values.

  • Refer papers in the recent issue for formatting methods.

7. HeadingsHeadings in the body of the manuscript should be brief. The usual main headings for Research Articles are; Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments and References. Papers should not be forced to fit into this pattern of headings in capitals on a separate line and left align them on the page and on a separate line, and begin the main words with a capital letter. Start sub - subheadings on a new line, aligned full left, and italicize them. Start the text on a new line after subheadings and sub - subheadings. Further sub - headings need to be attached with the paragraph and it should be started with capital letter, bolded and italicized and finished with a colon. Try to keep headings and sub - headings short enough to fit within a Single column.

Statement of human and animal rights

When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975 (revised in 2000). If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach, and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the & doubtful aspects of the study. When reporting experiments on animals, authors should be asked to indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.

Statement of Informed Consent

Patients have a right to privacy that should not be infringed without informed consent. Identifying information, including patients names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. Informed consent for this purpose requires that a patient who is identifiable be shown the manuscript to be published. Authors should identify Individuals who provide writing assistance and disclose the funding source for this assistance.

Identifying details should be omitted if they are not essential. Complete anonymity is difficult to achieve, however, and informed consent should be obtained if there is any doubt. For example, masking the eye region in photographs of patients is inadequate protection of anonymity. If identifying characteristics are altered to protect anonymity, such as in genetic pedigrees, authors should provide assurance that alterations do not distort scientific meaning and editors should so note.

8. Results:The results should describe the observations with clarity and precision. The results should be written in the past tense when describing findings in the authors experiments. Previously published findings should be written in the present tense. The data should be arranged in a unified and coherent sequence so that the report is developed clearly and logically. The same data should not be presented both in tabular and graphic forms, which should be numerically (Arabic numerals as 1, 2, etc.) cited in the text and interpreted. Only such tables and figures as are necessary should be given. Interpretation of the data should be taken up under discussion; in some cases, however, it may be desirable to combine the results and discussion in a single section. Whenever possible use figures rather than tables as it is much easier to see trends in a graphical presentation of data. If you do use figures and tables each of these must be titled descriptively.

Results should be explained, but largely without referring to the literature. Discussion, speculation and detailed interpretation of data should not be included in the Results but should be put into the Discussion section.

9. Discussion:The discussion should interpret the significance of the findings in view of the results obtained in this and in past studies on this topic. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

10. Conclusion:State the significance of the results in the conclusion in a few sentences at the end of the paper.

11. Conflict of Interest Statement

Authors must indicate whether or not they have a financial relationship with the organization that sponsored the research. Examples of potential sources of bias include affiliations, funding sources, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations that may constitute conflicts of interest. These statement should be provided by the corresponding author on behalf of all authors when submit the manuscript.

12. Acknowledgment:This section is used to acknowledge the contributions of institution authorities who provided the facilities to carry out the research work or those anyone who assisted in the study whose contributions did not rise in the view of the principal investigator to authorship and to credit the funding agencies that supported the work, etc. should be brief.

References: References should be listed at the end of the paper in alphabetical order. Articles in preparation or articles submitted for publication, unpublished observations, personal communications, etc. should not be included in the reference list. Journal names are abbreviated according to Biological Abstracts and correctly format the references of your paper. Authors are fully responsible for the accuracy of the references.

Examples: All the references must be in the following order.

Amsath, A., 2002.  Studies on predatory efficiency of the water stick insect, Ranatra filiformis on mosquito larva, Culex fatigansJ. Exp. Zool.,6: 93-98.

Annalakshmi, G. and Amsath, A., 2012. An assessment water quality of river Cauvery and its tributaries Arasalar with reference to physico-chemical parameters at Tanjore Dt Tamil Nadu, India. Int. J. App. Bio. Phar. Tech., 3(1): 269-279.

Govindarajan, M., Sivakumar, R.,  Amsath, A. and Niraimathi, S.,  2012. Larvicidal efficacy of botanical extracts against Culex tritaeniorhynchus Giles and Anopheles subpictus Grassi (Diptera: Culicidae). Eur. Rev. Med. Pharm. Sci., 16: 386-92.

Smith, A.B., 1995b. The rise in blood glucose during hibernation of the golden headed plover Dickus birdus. J, Avian Metab., 20:19-21.

Smith, A.B., 1995b. The fall in blood glucose during hibernation of the golden headed plover Dickus birdus. J. Avian Metab., 20: 22-23.


Oser, B.L., 1976.  Hawks Physiological Chemistry.  Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd., New Delhi.

Chapter in an edited book

De Wilde, J., 1964. Reproduction. In: The Physiology of Insecta. Vol.I. (Ed. M. Rockstein). Academic Press, New York, pp: 18-58.


Amsath, A., 1999. Studies on the female accessory reproductive glands and behavioural strategies of the water bug, Sphaerodema rusticum: A potential predator of mosquito larvae. Ph.D. Thesis, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India.

13. Tables: Tables should be double spaced on separate sheets following the References section. The tables should be kept to a minimum and be designed to be as simple as possible. Tables are to be typed double-spaced throughout, including headings and footnotes. Each table should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a legend. The title should be placed at the top.  Explanatory information and experimental conditions should be given as a note at the bottom.  Explanatory information and experimental conditions should be given as a note at the bottom of the columns.  Tables should be self-explanatory without reference to the text. The same data should not be presented in both table and graph form or repeated in the text. Tables should be prepared in Microsoft Word.

14. Figure: Illustrations must be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals. They should be cited in the text as Figure 1, Figure 2, and so on. Begin each legend with a title at the bottom of the illustration and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the manuscript. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text. Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of generating high resolution (300 dpi) JPEG before pasting in the Microsoft Word manuscript file.

Identification: It is particularly important that the authors get their biological material authentically identified and quote at least once, on its first citation in the paper, the technical name of the species concerned in full preceded by its popular name where possible, e.g. The water bug Sphaerodema rusticum (Fabr). Genus and species names should be italic.

Color figures may be submitted for review, but they will appear in black and white in print. You may request that the figure be provided in color as an online enhancement to the electronically published paper. Figures may be published in color if deemed necessary by the Editor in Chief, subject to a printing cost to be met by the authors of the accepted paper.

Footnotes: Footnotes should be avoided as far as possible. Essential footnotes may, however, be indicated by superscribed reference marks (*, †, ‡,  ).

Identification: It is particularly important that the authors get their biological specimen authentically identified and quote at least once, on its first citation in the paper, the technical name of the species concerned in full preceded by its popular name where possible, e.g. The water bug Sphaerodema rusticum(Fabricius).

Submission: The manuscript should be submitted preferably by our online manuscript submission centre in the following URL:http://www.stetjournals.com or as e-mail attachment to the Editorial Office via: [email protected]. All contacts shall be by e-mail. All the corresponding authors should have an e-mail id. All submissions will be acknowledged within a week of the submission.

Cover photographs: Figures and photographs of high quality of a submitted paper will be considered for use on the cover.

Peer review: All papers are subject to peer review. Authors are requested to suggest at least 2 independent reviewers (preferably non-native) with appropriate technical expertise although the editor may not necessarily approach them. Their affiliation and e-mail address should be provided as fully as possible. However, the STET has an identified panel of reviewers and may designate other reviewers based on the topic of a paper require.

Proofs and Reprints: Electronic proofs will be sent (e-mail attachment) to the corresponding author as a PDF file and should be returned with one week of receipt. Corrections should be restricted to typesetting errors; any other corrections may be charged to the authors. Authors are advised to check their proofs very carefully before return, since inclusion of late corrections cannot be acceptable Corrected proofs are to be returned to the publishers.

Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. The Editorial Board reserves the right to make changes like typographical or minor clerical errors if necessary in the research articles. No changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage.

Authors will have free electronic access to the full text (PDF) of the article. Authors can freely download the PDF file from which they can print unlimited copies of their articles.

Copyright: Each manuscript must be accompanied by a statement that it has been neither published nor submitted for publication (except thesis), in whole or in part, either in a serial, professional journal or as a part in a book which is formally published and made available to the public. For the mutual benefit and protection of authors and publishers it is necessary that the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright  to the publisher before publication of the work.

Paper Acceptance: The final decision on publication is made by the Editor-in-Chief upon recommendation of Editorial Board Members. If the manuscript is accepted for publication in STET, it must not be published in any periodical elsewhere.

Brief checklist for submission.

  1. Have you provided a Title Page?
  2. Have you provided *corresponding author communication address email id and mobile number information at the end of the paper?
  3. Have you provided an Abstract of 250 words?
  4. Are your Tables denoted by Arabic numerals, and are they in order as cited in the text?
  5. Do your Tables submit at the end of the text file ?
  6. Are your Figures denoted by Arabic numerals, and are they in order as cited in the text?
  7. Have all your Figures been submitted text file or JPEG or GIF TIF or files?
  8. Are your References cited in the required format of the Journal?
  9. Is institutional approval number provided for the mammalian animal used for the experiment?
  10. Have you obtained permission and submitted documentation for all Personal Communications cited?

Reviews: Submissions of reviews and perspectives covering topics of current interest are welcome and encouraged. Reviews should be concise and no longer than 5-6 printed pages (about 10 to 20 manuscript pages

We shall try our best to complete review process within 30 days from the date of submission. The article processing charge is mandatory for all articles. In order to preserve a high quality of this journal, the Editorial Board may wish to set some rules from time to time.

Review articles are an attempt by one or more authors to sum up the current state of the research on a particular topic. Ideally, the author searches for everything relevant to the topic, and then sorts it all out into a coherent view of the “state of the art” as it now stands. Review Articles should inform about:

  • The main researchers working in a field
  • Recent major advances and discoveries
  • Significant gaps in the research
  • Current debates
  • Future directions

Reviews are also peer-reviewed.

Short Communications: A Short Communication is suitable for recording the results of complete small investigations or giving details of new models or hypotheses, innovative methods, techniques or apparatus.  The style of main sections need not conform to that of full-length paper. Short communications are 2 to 4 printed pages in (about 5 to 10 manuscript pages) length.They are limited to a maximum of two figures and one table. They should present a complete study that is more limited in scope than is found in full-length papers. The items of manuscript preparation listed above apply to Short Communications with the following differences: (1) Abstracts are limited to 100 words; (2) instead of a separate Materials and Methods section, experimental procedures may be incorporated into Figure Legends and Table footnotes; (3) Results and Discussion should be combined into a single section.

Review Process

The STET shall not accept or publish manuscripts in its online journals without prior peer review. There shall be double blind review process of manuscripts. Reviewers are unaware of the identity of the authors, and authors are also unaware of the identity of reviewers. There are at least three or more reviewers for the total number of articles in each issue. Editors of STET shall follow the review process which shall be clearly defined. The referees shall treat the contents of papers under review as privileged information not to be disclosed to others before publication. The editor evaluates the recommendation and notifies the author of the manuscript status. The manuscript may be:

  • Accepted as it is
  • Accepted after minor revision
  • Accepted after major revision
  • Rejected

The comments of the anonymous reviewers will be forwarded to the authors, and when the authors are ready to submit their revised manuscript, read the comments of the editors and reviewers, and respond to them by telling what modifications they have made in their manuscript or why they have not made the suggested changes.

Decisions will be made as rapidly as possible, and the journal strives to return reviewers comments to authors within 3 weeks. The editorial board will re-review manuscripts that are accepted pending revision. It is the goal of the STET to publish manuscripts within 8 weeks after submission.

NOTE: If minor revision is required, authors should return a revised version as soon as possible within 10 days. If major revision is required, authors should return a revised version within 20 days.

All contacts shall be by e-mail. All the authors should have an e-mail id.

If you are unable to submit your paper through online submission, kindly send it to [email protected] .

The Editorial Board reserves the right to make changes if necessary mainly to improve the quality of the paper.

Those who are submitting their manuscripts are requested to send one printed copy each along with the “Copyright transfer agreement form” which is available in the web site.

Reprints (PDF file)may be downloaded directly from the website: http://www.stetjournals.com. Authors can freely can print unlimited copies of their articles.

The responsibility of the contents rests upon the authors and not upon the publisher.

Authors are requested to prepare the manuscript according to our journal “Instructions for authors” guidelines.

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