Population status of Wild boars (Sus scrofa) in the Nilgiris South Forest Division, Tamil Nadu.
The wild boar (Sus scrofa) is one of the widely distributed mammals found in all types of forests in India. The Indian wild boars live in the grass or scanty bush jungle and sometimes in the forest. They are omnivores. In order to estimate the population and to make change at policy level, the population status is highly warranted. The block count method was deployed to estimate the population of wild boars. The beats were divided into smaller units (5-7 Sq.km). Totally 532 individuals in seven ranges of 30.72 Sq. Km sampled area which is about 9.84% sampled area in all seven forest
ranges altogether have been reported. Population of wild boar was high in Kundha range and Naduvattam range which is mainly because of the availability of suitable shelter and food sources and hence they have no reason. The overall density of wild boar in the division was 17.32 individuals/Sq.Km. Of which the highest density was in the Naduvattam (41.29 /Sqkm) and Kundha (37.53/sqkm) Ranges. On the contrary, Parsons valley Range was recorded the lowest density of individuals (3.67/sqkm). On the other hand the Parsons valley range either invaded by invasive alien species in its most of the areas or poor agriculture practice by Dodas community provided neither not suitable shelters nor food resources which resulted in very low population density.
Keywords: Wild boar, block count method, population, overall density
Citation: *, ( 2018), Population status of Wild boars (Sus scrofa) in the Nilgiris South Forest Division, Tamil Nadu.. Scientific Transactions in Environment and Technovation Journal(STET), 12(1): 46-51
Received: 06/13/2017; Accepted: 11/05/2018;