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STET Journals.,   Volume(3) - Issue(3), 2015
pp 116-122,   DOI:123.10.0

Daily routine of captive Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) in three
management systems of Tamil Nadu, India and its implications for elephant
welfare

V. Vanitha;K. Thiyagesan and N. Baskaran

Abstract

Under natural conditions elephants move extensively, experience complex physical, and social environments and engage in diverse activities. While in captivity their movements are restricted, activities are limited and timed for monotonous work. This study compares the daily routines of elephants managed in three captive systems in Tamil Nadu private, temple and forest department to understand how far their daily activities are in accordance with their natural behaviour in the wild. Data collected using focal sampling method for 77 elephants together from three systems show that the captive elephant in the private places, especially those with individual owners are put to significantly more work (7½ hours/day), mostly begging at towns and cities, with stressful walking in hot climate compared to the other two systems

Keywords

Asian elephant, captivity, daily routine, elephant welfare, temple elephants

Received
11/05/2016
, Accepted
11/05/2016
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